46 treaties, First Nations and other agreements in Ontario
(Download PDF file, 1 MB)
About this Publication
In this publication you will learn about an important international document called the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP or Declaration). The Declaration explains how the rights of indigenous peoples – including indigenous young people – are to be protected by governments around the world. It applies to indigenous peoples as individuals and as a group.
The Two Row Wampum Belt (Kas-wen-tha) symbolizes the agreement and conditions under which the Haudenosaunee (People of the Long House, Iroquois Six Nations) welcomed the white Europeans to Turtle Island (North America). Historically the Haudenosaunee were nations of people who practiced very sophisticated, yet simple diplomatic principles in their dealings with other nations. Because the cultures, world views and lifeways of the European nations were so different, it was essential that a relationship be established based on mutual respect.
This brochure was created by the Durham District School Board
A group of young people from the James Bay Cree community of Whapmagoostui, Que., has arrived at Parliament Hill in Ottawa, ending a 1,600-kilometre trek meant to bring attention to aboriginal issues.
Six youths and a guide left Whapmagoostui in January to snowshoe and walk to Ottawa in support of the Idle No More movement. They called the trek “The Journey of Nishiyuu,” which means “The Journey of the People” in Cree.
Video by: Fred Cattroll
August 9 is International Day of the World’s Indigenous People. Here is a great website for teachers called the Indigenous Peoples – Cybershoolbus – created by the United Nations. Also a fact sheet on the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples PDF – Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples .
Jennifer Podemski’s Interview: Breaking Down the Indian Act with Russell Diablo
Video Length: 35:03 mins
Grade Level: Grade 6+
More Information on Russell Diabo:
-Follow Russell Diabo at http://twitter.com/russdiabo
-First Nations Strategic Bulletin http://epe.lac-bac.gc.ca/100/201/300/first_nations_strategic_bulletin/index.html
“Indian Givers” (2012) is a mixed-art documentary film, produced by the Sarnia/Aamjiwnaang-based Kiijig Collective, made collaboratively by and for Native and non-Native youth, shot and edited by Ian Alexander of Rocketship Productions and SCITS student Sadie Mallon. This 60-minute film invites the audience on a journey with the characters by stepping into their lives as they reveal the survival of their spiritual identities in today’s world.INDIAN GIVERS – YouTube.
|Bear Paw Education||The Bear Paw Education Centre is based in Alberta, they hold workshops and produce educational materials such as comic books, DVDs, newsletters, periodicals, books and reports on topics from Youth to Tenant Rights. Visit|
Treaty 6 Education in Living Sky
The content and concepts have been divided into seven Big Ideas (you can click on each word to navigate to the “lessons” page). Be sure to check out the “For Teachers” link (above) for complete units. This is a ‘living site’ and will continue to grow and develop as material is added.
About the Site
Wachiye! (hello) Ni mi nwe nihtn ota e ih tayan (I’m happy you are here)
This is the story of the Mushkegowuk and Anishinaabe Peoples of North-Eastern and North-Western Ontario, Canada and the signing of Treaty No. Nine (James Bay Treaty) in the indigenous territory known as Nishnawbe Aski Nation (People’s Land). Our goal is to provide you with an understanding of the historical times in which Mushkegowuk and Anishinaabe peoples signed Treaty No. Nine, and how this treaty has impacted the lives of our people.
We are very committed to documenting Elder knowledge that is slipping away in so many communities across Canada. Elder and traditional knowledge is a key resource that has been used to create the content for ‘On the Path of the Elders’.
Take your time now and explore the site. Jump right in and play the game, watch a video, view some photos or listen to a story. Read the essay. It contains a great deal of important, cultural information that will give you a firm understanding of the Mushkegowuk and Anishinaabe Peoples. Our hope is that this site enriches your life and you come to appreciate, more deeply, the history and culture of our people.
Walk with us, on the Path of the Elders.- Source (path of the elders.com)
Produced by: Canadian Labour Congress Anti-Racism and Human Rights Department
Aboriginal Rights Resource Tool Kit
Author Canadian Labour Congress Anti-racism and Human Rights Department
Title Aboriginal Rights Resource Tool Kit
Editor Canadian Labour Congress
Publisher Canadian Labour Congress
Publisher URL URL
Book URL URL
Place of Publication Ottawa.
Publication Type Resource Kit
Location CRRF Binder and Online
Subject Aboriginal education; Treaties; Aboriginal Policies; The Indian Act; History; Socio-Economic conditions; Aboriginal Rights; Labour issues
CRRF Identifier AP-AE-Ki-2523
Last modified 2014-03-25
The manual is a resource guide on Aboriginal history, cultural and human rights and treaty rights. It provides the Canadian labour force with information and news on Aboriginal Peoples, it address the issue of stereotyping, colonialism and discrimination, and it initiates dialogue between the labour movement and Aboriginal Peoples, along with providing readers with educational tools on issues that affect Aboriginal communities across Canada and within the work place.
Our Supreme Court said in Simon v. The Queen (1985) ‘ An Indian treaty is unique; it is an agreement sui generis which is neither created nor terminated according to the rules of international law.’ that being so, it seems clear that historically Canadian Aboriginal Peoples have not fared well in asserting rights, which on the face of their treaties, seemed assured to them. By way of an example, a majority of the treaties contain a specific term guaranteeing continuance of the right to hunt and fish over the lands surrendered. (p.2.23).
ToolKit no longer available.
A Timeline of Aboriginal Treaties in Canada
A group survey and visual presentation of important treaties and other documents relating to aboriginals.
(Ages 16 and up)
This Rich Land
An examination of treaty areas using geographical and historical skills.
(Ages 15 and up)
Some Quick Lesson Ideas (2)
Some more ideas which you can develop.
(Ages 13 and up)
An examination of the motives behind Aboriginal treaties.
(Ages 15 and up)
Aboriginal Treaties and Relations Crossword
(Ages 15 and up)
Aboriginal Treaties and Relations: A Test
(Ages 15 and up)
NOTE: If you don’t have the Smartboard full software version, you can view the lesson plans with the SmartBoard Notebook Express software. available here.
The Office of the Treaty Commissioner (otc.ca) – The following SMART Board Activities have been created for grades K-6.
Published by: Grand Council Treaty #3 is an association of 25 Anishnaabe First Nations, located in northwestern Ontario and southeastern Manitoba.