The Two Row Wampum Belt – Brochure

two row wampum



The Two Row Wampum Belt (Kas-wen-tha) symbolizes the agreement and conditions under which the Haudenosaunee (People of the Long House, Iroquois Six Nations) welcomed the white Europeans to Turtle Island (North America). Historically the Haudenosaunee were nations of people who practiced very sophisticated, yet simple diplomatic principles in their dealings with other nations. Because the cultures, world views and lifeways of the European nations were so different, it was essential that a relationship be established based on mutual respect.

This brochure was created by the Durham District School Board

Breaking Down the Indian Act with Russell Diabo – YouTube Video

Jennifer Podemski’s Interview: Breaking Down the Indian Act with Russell Diablo
Video Length: 35:03 mins
Grade Level: Grade 6+
Breaking Down the Indian Act with Russell Diabo – YouTube.

More Information on Russell Diabo:
-Follow Russell Diabo at
-First Nations Strategic Bulletin

Treaty 6 Education in Living Sky – Embeding First Nation, Métis and Inuit “ways of knowing” into all curricula (lesson/units)

Treaty 6 Education in Living Sky

via Creator – Land – People.

The content and concepts have been divided into seven Big Ideas (you can click on each word to navigate to the “lessons” page). Be sure to check out the “For Teachers” link (above) for complete units. This is a ‘living site’ and will continue to grow and develop as material is added.

Path of the Elders – Treaty 9 Games! Aboriginal Cree – First Nations history, culture

Path of the Elders – Free Treaty 9 Games! Aboriginal Cree – First Nations history, culture.

About the Site

Wachiye! (hello) Ni mi nwe nihtn ota e ih tayan (I’m happy you are here)

This is the story of the Mushkegowuk and Anishinaabe Peoples of North-Eastern and North-Western Ontario, Canada and the signing of Treaty No. Nine (James Bay Treaty) in the indigenous territory known as Nishnawbe Aski Nation (People’s Land). Our goal is to provide you with an understanding of the historical times in which Mushkegowuk and Anishinaabe peoples signed Treaty No. Nine, and how this treaty has impacted the lives of our people.

We are very committed to documenting Elder knowledge that is slipping away in so many communities across Canada. Elder and traditional knowledge is a key resource that has been used to create the content for ‘On the Path of the Elders’.

Take your time now and explore the site. Jump right in and play the game, watch a video, view some photos or listen to a story. Read the essay. It contains a great deal of important, cultural information that will give you a firm understanding of the Mushkegowuk and Anishinaabe Peoples. Our hope is that this site enriches your life and you come to appreciate, more deeply, the history and culture of our people.

Walk with us, on the Path of the Elders.- Source (path of the

Treaties and Relations – Teachers Resources (Age13+)

Lessons, Essays, Activities

Canada in the Making – Teachers Resources.


A Timeline of Aboriginal Treaties in Canada
A group survey and visual presentation of important treaties and other documents relating to aboriginals.
(Ages 16 and up)

This Rich Land
An examination of treaty areas using geographical and historical skills.
(Ages 15 and up)

Some Quick Lesson Ideas (2)
Some more ideas which you can develop.
(Ages 13 and up)

Essays and Reports

Good Intentions…?
An examination of the motives behind Aboriginal treaties.
(Ages 15 and up)

Fun Activities

Aboriginal Treaties and Relations Crossword
(Ages 15 and up)

Tests and Quizzes

Aboriginal Treaties and Relations: A Test
(Ages 15 and up)

Visit Canada in the Making

MAPS of First Nations in Canada (by Province)



Order a copy of the Ontario First Nations map from Aboriginal Affairs


British Columbia


View more ebooks on

First Peoples’ Language Map of B.C

First Peoples' Language Map of B.C

Visit – First Peoples’ Language Map of B.C








view the interactive map
view the colour coded treaty map


East Coast


Nova Scotia – Aboriginal Law – Leading Court Decisions

Aboriginal Law – Leading Court Decisions

The legal context on Aboriginal matters continues to evolve. The inclusion of protections for Aboriginal and treaty rights in the Constitution Act (1982) (Links to S. 35 of the Constitution Act) has led to a growing number of decisions that influence the context and manner in which governments address Aboriginal issues.

Some of the leading cases on Aboriginal law originated in Nova Scotia and provide some direction on the nature of Aboriginal and treaty rights in Nova Scotia. These cases include Simon v. the Queen in 1985, R. v. Marshall (Marshall I and II) in 1999 and more recently R. v. Marshall ; R. v. Bernard (Marshall, Bernard) in 2005.

Courts across the country are frequently called upon to adjudicate legal issues of importance in the area of aboriginal law. What follows is a list of some of the leading Canadian and Nova Scotian cases in this area of the law.-source Nova Scotia Aboriginal Affairs

Aboriginal Law – Leading Court Decisions