Secret Path Curriculum


PETERBOROUGH, ON (January 19, 2019): Nishnawbe Aski Nation (NAN) Deputy Grand Chief Derek Fox joined with members of the Wenjack family and educators to launch the Secret Path Curriculum Resource at Trent University today. The Teacher and Protocol Resource documents unveiled today will provide educators across the province, in both First Nation schools, private schools and provincially funded schools with the tools to appropriately use the Secret Path in classrooms across Ontario. The supportive resource documents provide foundational learning for educators in understanding First Nations perspectives and our past, present and future.

The Journey of Nishiyuu Walkers – The Story (Video)

A group of young people from the James Bay Cree community of Whapmagoostui, Que., has arrived at Parliament Hill in Ottawa, ending a 1,600-kilometre trek meant to bring attention to aboriginal issues.

Six youths and a guide left Whapmagoostui in January to snowshoe and walk to Ottawa in support of the Idle No More movement. They called the trek “The Journey of Nishiyuu,” which means “The Journey of the People” in Cree.

Video by: Fred Cattroll

Anishnaabemowin (Ojibwe) Language Book – |

1.30MB  ~  64 pages

Grade Levels: Grade 1 & Up including adults
Themes/Lessons: 18

Shawanda, Gordon, 1946-
Anishnaabemowin: miinwa anishnaabe zheyaawin – Our language, our culture
ISBN: 0-9688779-0-7

Lessons are suitable for first grade and up and to first time adult beginners. Students will develop listening and speaking skills. This booklet was written to assist students who wish to learn the Anishnaabe language. The author does not claim that students will learn the Anishnaabe language solely from this written material. It is a tool which may help the students learn when used with other materials. (..continued on page 4)


Language Arts Lesson Plans – Grades 1-12 (Dragonfly Canada)

Lesson Plans Download

Discrimination & Identity

Grade Levels: 7-12
Subjects: Language, English
Objective:Students will gain an understanding of how bias and discrimination affect the lives and identities of Aboriginal peoples, and how experiencing bias and discrimination affects the choices people make later in life.
Materials: April Raintree / In Search of April Raintree


Aboriginal Diversity & Languages

Grade Levels: 1-12
Subjects: Language, Social Studies, Math, Geography, English
Objective:Students will learn about diversity among Aboriginal peoples; diversity of Aboriginal languages; effect of geography on culture; and Aboriginal language survival.
Materials: “Welcome” Poster – Aboriginal Languages


Fishing for Put-Ups

Grade Levels: 1, 2, 4 & 5
Subjects: Language & Social Studies
Objective: Students will learn the difference between “put-ups” and put-downs; how to think positively about self and increase positive self-talk; how thinking positively relates to respecting others.
1. I Like Who I Am, by Tara White (Theytus Books)
2. Construction paper
3. Pipe cleaners
4. Markers/pencil crayons
5. One-hole punch


Source: Dragonfly Consulting Services Canada – Omushkego Oral History Project – Omushkego Oral History Project.

OurVoices – Stories of Canadian People and Culture

The website is intended to provide acces to a wealth of audio material on the history and culture of the People of Canada. Made possible through a generous grant from Canadian Heritage, as well as a host of Manitoba community partners, will give our communities the ability to have their voices be heard.

Eastern James Bay Cree Language

Eastern James Bay Cree Language

This site is intended as a resource for Cree language teachers, literacy instructors, translators, linguists, and anyone who has an interest in the nuts and bolts of the Cree language. We hope that the live possibilities of the internet will encourage participation. We are seeking support form all who value linguistic diversity and want the Cree language to be alive and well in the 21st century and after.

There are two major dialects of East Cree: the Southern and the Northern dialects. Some, but not all pages are available in both dialects, depending on whether its author is a Southern or a Northern speaker. There is room in the databases to also include Inland and Coastal variations. Know that our intend is to find a balance between standardization and respect of speech diversity.

Website Sections
Reference Grammar and Linguistic Atlas
Resource Section

Visit East Cree.Org

Aboriginal Perspectives – Video Teaching Resources

Teaching Resources

Make cultural connections in your classroom! Videos, power point presentations and activities!

Teaching Ideas Curriculum Connections
Tipi raising with Tim Haywahe K-8: Science, Mathematics, Social Studies and Language Arts

Tipi raising with Elder Glen Anaquod
K-8: Science, Mathematics, Social Studies and Language Arts

Cassandra Opikokew Journalist
Arts Education, Career Guidance, Mathematics and Native Studies

Birch bark biting with Rosella Carney
Mathematics and Sciences
Tara Littlechief Nurse Arts Education, Mathematics and Social Studies

Kelly Quewezance Social Worker
Mathematics and Social Studies
Dr. Alika Lafontaine Physician Arts Education, Mathematics and Social Studies

Source: Aboriginal Perspectives: faculty and students at the University of Regina in Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada

Aboriginal Spirituality and Creation Stories Edukit

Aboriginal Youth Identity Series: Aboriginal Spirituality and Creation Stories Edukit

Created by Heritage Community Foundation

visit the main website

Lesson Plans for Grades 1-12

Description: We have designed this edukit to be informative and yet sensitive and respectful of Aboriginal culture, spirituality, and creation. It is recommended for all lessons that you seek to develop a connection with an Elder or Aboriginal person in your community to aid you in fully understanding Aboriginal spirituality and the proper protocols involved.

The lessons however will enable you to introduce general concepts to your students. The lessons focus on the importance of oral history, storytelling, and legends as well as exploring the role of Elders in the Aboriginal community. We have developed an excellent resource base that will allow students to examine alternate ways of recording history such as through rock art and medicine wheels.

We have developed a comprehensive Teacher Information section for all lessons as well as an accompanying Teacher Resources section that will allow you to supplement your learning and your students learning on a variety of subjects. Each lesson has been developed to allow students to be full participants in the learning process. We hope you enjoy sharing this valuable and fascinating information with your students!

Grade 1

Lesson 1: Sharing Stories and Passing Down History
Families keep traditions that have been passed down from their parents and grandparents
view lessson
teacher resources

Grade 3

Lesson 1: Aboriginal Communities
People maintain their customs and traditions in similar ways
view lessson

Grade 3

Lesson 2: Spirituality and Art
People keep their customs and traditions in similar ways
view lessson
teacher resources

Grade 5

Lesson 1: Early Canada: Exploration and Settlement
Contact between people in Canada’s early history prior to and during exploration and settlement
brought changes to their lives
view lessson
teacher resources

Grade 7

Lesson 1: Native Plant Usage
Beliefs and values influence behavior
view lessson
teacher resources

Grade 10-12

Lesson 1: Elders and Storytelling
The Elders guide the process of learning in a traditional community.
view lessson
teacher resources

Seventh Generation Science Experiments Booklet

Seventh Generation Science Experiments Booklets

Seventh Generation Club

To create a club where First Nations youth can envision their future by recognizing their own energy, the culture of their people, and the teamwork needed to succeed by giving them opportunities to make healthy life choices, participate in their community, and to meet the challenges of life.

Each booklet contains 12 – 15 fun science experiments to do at home or in the classroom. Each experiment outlines what you need, what you do and what’s going on.

Booklet 1 – Free Online version available here

Booklet 2 – Free Online version available here

Booklet 3 – Free Online version available here

Booklet 4 – Free Online version available here

Booklet 5 – Free Online version available here

Booklet 6 – Free Online version available here

Booklet 7 – Free Online version available here

Bill Reid (Haida Artist) In the Classroom – lesson pans

Haida artist Bill Reid – “The Raven’s Call” story and animation lesson plans

(Source: The Raven )

Grade Level Lesson Plan Goals Outcome
Grade 4 Exploring Identity
Grade 4 classes focus on the cultural expression of identity by learning about Haida crest animals, myths and jewelry.
Students will:

  • become familiar with Haida culture
  • become aware of the cultural expressions of the Haida through Bill Reid’s work
  • explore their own cultural identity using symbols
  • explore individual identity
Students will understand the importance of culture to the Haida First Nation, use critical thinking to explore their own culture and the Haida culture, and how important information and stories are expressed through art and cultural objects in both.
Grade 9 Exploring Identity
Grade 9 classes discover how the “Celebration of Bill Reid Pole,” carved by James Hart of Haida Gwaii, represents and honours the life of Bill Reid and his artistic journey.
Students will:

  • become familiar with Haida culture
  • explore their own cultural identity using symbols
  • explore artistic expression as a reflection of society
  • explore the development of individual and group identity
  • become aware of the cultural expressions of the Haida
  • become aware of contemporary Aboriginal artists
Students will understand the importance of art to the Haida, use critical thinking to explore their own culture and the Haida culture, and how important information and stories are expressed through art and cultural objects in both.
All grades Using Animation
Here you’ll find ideas and suggestions for both younger and older students to examine the animated film, “The Raven’s Call,” and create an ending for this unfinished story.
Students can work individually or in groups to create productions for submission.